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Emily Dickinson[Emily_Dickinson]

 
  Emily_Dickinson

City of Residence: Amherst, Massachusetts -SUA
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Biography Emily Dickinson

Personal Webpage Emily Dickinson


 
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Page: 2 : 1

Catre Louise si Fraces Norrcros : sfarsitul lui aprilie 1873
Personals 2005-01-16 (6433 hits)

22 :
Poetry 2005-11-27 (6540 hits)

288 : (traducere in italiana de Augusto Sabbadini)
Poetry 2005-10-25 (6347 hits)

A Word is Dead :
Poetry 2005-06-21 (9894 hits)

A word is dead :
Poetry 2008-11-15 (5660 hits)

Aceastト ネ崙ビテ「nト tトツutト a fost domni ネ冓 doamne : Traducere テョn limba romテ「nト de Leon Leviネ嫩hi ネ冓 Tudor Dorin
Poetry 2009-06-27 (7190 hits)

Adu-mi apusul de soare-ntr-o cupト : Bring me the sunset in a cup
Poetry 2005-07-19 (9985 hits)

Am simネ嬖t o テ始mormテョntare テ始 Creier : I felt a Funeral in my Brain
Poetry 2005-07-18 (10322 hits)

Am vトホut o privire テョn agonie :
Poetry 2006-07-28 (10292 hits)

Apa se テョnvaネ崙 prin sete : Water is taught by thirst
Poetry 2005-07-21 (11616 hits)

Aur arzテ「nd テョn purpur scトネdat : Traducere テョn limba romテ「nト de Leon Leviネ嫩hi ネ冓 Tudor Dorin
Poetry 2009-06-27 (7228 hits)

Bトフuse vテ「ntul ca un om trudit : Traducere テョn limba romテ「nト de Leon Leviネ嫩hi ネ冓 Tudor Dorin
Poetry 2009-06-27 (7147 hits)

Bello ティ sentirsi cercare :
Poetry 2005-08-31 (9494 hits)

Biblia este un antic volum :
Poetry 2009-08-13 (7021 hits)

Cテ「nd pieziネ卞 cade raza : Traducere テョn limba romテ「nト de Leon Leviネ嫩hi ネ冓 Tudor Dorin
Poetry 2009-06-27 (7426 hits)

Ce fericitト-i piatra micト : Traducere テョn limba romテ「nト de Leon Leviネ嫩hi ネ冓 Tudor Dorin
Poetry 2009-06-27 (7287 hits)

Cテョte Flori neネ冲iute テョn Pトヅure rトノテョn : How many Flowers fail in Wood
Poetry 2005-08-03 (10307 hits)

Cunosc vieネ嬖, de care m-aネ lipsi : I know lives, I could miss
Poetry 2005-08-20 (10202 hits)

Cuvテョntul e mort : A word is dead
Poetry 2005-07-21 (9490 hits)

De mi-a fost gazdト ori oaspete mi-a fost : He was my host - he was my guest
Poetry 2005-08-17 (9602 hits)

Deunトホi - テョmi rトフトツisem Lumea : I lost a World
Poetry 2005-07-22 (9952 hits)

Dimineaネ嫗 e pentru Rouト : Morning is the place for Dew
Poetry 2005-07-27 (9897 hits)

Din Cupe adテョncite テョn Perlト : I taste a liquor never brewed
Poetry 2005-07-23 (9908 hits)

Doriネ嬖 Varト? Gustaネ嬖-o pe a noastrト : Would you like summer? Taste of ours
Poetry 2005-08-23 (11847 hits)

Dupト o mare durerre urmeazト nepトピarea : After a great pain
Poetry 2005-08-12 (10409 hits)

Dupト-o mare durere, urmeazト o senzaネ嬖e solemnト : Traducere テョn limba romテ「nト de Leon Leviネ嫩hi ネ冓 Tudor Dorin
Poetry 2009-06-27 (7370 hits)

E uネ冩r sト munceネ冲i cテョnd sufletul se joacト : It is easy to work when the soul is at play
Poetry 2005-07-27 (9879 hits)

Era prea tテョrziu pentru Om : It was too late for Man
Poetry 2005-08-08 (9007 hits)

Eu am murit pentru frumuseネ嫺 :
Poetry 2003-09-29 (9041 hits)

Eu n-am pierdut decテョt de douト ori : I never lost as much but twice
Poetry 2005-07-18 (9783 hits)

Eu neネ冲iind cテ「nd or sト vinト zorii :
Poetry 2003-09-29 (8479 hits)

Eu Nimeni sunt! Tu cine eネ冲i? : I'm Nobody! Who are you?
Poetry 2005-07-27 (20801 hits)

Eu nu pot trトナ cu tine :
Poetry 2009-05-17 (7177 hits)

Exaltarea este drumul :
Poetry 2005-07-21 (8155 hits)

Exclusion :
Poetry 2004-10-10 (7266 hits)

Existト oare "Dimineaネ嫗" cu adevトビat? : Will there really be a "Morning"
Poetry 2005-07-18 (9513 hits)

Flocons de neige :
Poetry 2017-07-02 (2409 hits)

Hope is a thing with feathers: :
Poetry 2006-10-14 (8322 hits)

I cannot live with You :
Poetry 2006-02-11 (6539 hits)

I felt a Funeral, in my Brain : (280)
Poetry 2002-09-15 (8481 hits)

I GAVE myself to him : 22
Poetry 2002-09-18 (6078 hits)

I HIDE myself within my flower : 7
Poetry 2002-09-18 (6340 hits)

I like a look of agony :
Poetry 2005-06-12 (5783 hits)

Iatト-mi scrisoarea cトフre Lume : This is my letter to the World
Poetry 2005-08-17 (9351 hits)

If I should die :
Poetry 2004-06-24 (11156 hits)

テ始 ochii mei - atテ「t de jos a cトホut : Traducere テョn limba romテ「nト de Leon Leviネ嫩hi ネ冓 Tudor Dorin
Poetry 2009-06-27 (7306 hits)


Page: 2 : 1





Biography Emily Dickinson

Elizabeth Dickinson was born on December 10, 1830 in the quiet community of Amherst, Massachusetts, the second daughter of Edward and Emily Norcross Dickinson. Emily, Austin (her older brother) and her younger sister Lavinia were nurtured in a quiet, reserved family headed by their authoritative father Edward. Throughout Emily窶冱 life, her mother was not "emotionally accessible," the absence of which might have caused some of Emily窶冱 eccentricity. Being rooted in the puritanical Massachusetts of the 1800窶冱, the Dickinson children were raised in the Christian tradition, and they were expected to take up their father窶冱 religious beliefs and values without argument. Later in life, Emily would come to challenge these conventional religious viewpoints of her father and the church, and the challenges she met with would later contribute to the strength of her poetry.

The Dickinson family was prominent in Amherst. In fact, Emily窶冱 grandfather, Samuel Fowler Dickinson, was one of the founders of Amherst College, and her father served as lawyer and treasurer for the institution. Emily窶冱 father also served in powerful positions on the General Court of Massachusetts, the Massachusetts State Senate, and the United States House of Representatives. Unlike her father, Emily did not enjoy the popularity and excitement of public life in Amherst, and she began to withdraw. Emily did not fit in with her father窶冱 religion in Amherst, and her father began to censor the books she read because of their potential to draw her away from the faith.

Being the daughter of a prominent politician, Emily had the benefit of a good education and attended the Amherst Academy. After her time at the academy, Emily left for the South Hadley Female Seminary (currently Mount Holyoke College) where she started to blossom into a delicate young woman - "her eyes lovely auburn, soft and warm, her hair lay in rings of the same color all over her head with her delicate teeth and skin." She had a demure manner that was almost fun with her close friends, but Emily could be shy, silent, or even depreciating in the presence of strangers. Although she was successful at college, Emily returned after only one year at the seminary in 1848 to Amherst where she began her life of seclusion.

Although Emily never married, she had several significant relationships with a select few. It was during this period following her return from school that Emily began to dress all in white and choose those precious few that would be her own private society. Refusing to see almost everyone that came to visit, Emily seldom left her father窶冱 house. In Emily窶冱 entire life, she took one trip to Philadelphia (due to eye problems), one to Washington, and a few trips to Boston. Other than those occasional ventures, Emily had no extended exposure to the world outside her home town. During this time, her early twenties, Emily began to write poetry seriously. Fortunately, during those rare journeys Emily met two very influential men that would be sources of inspiration and guidance: Charles Wadsworth and Thomas Wentworth Higginson. There were other less influential individuals that affected Emily, such as Samuel Bowles and J.G. Holland, but the impact that Wadsworth and Higginson had on Dickinson were monumental.

The Reverend Charles Wadsworth, age 41, had a powerful effect on Emily窶冱 life and her poetry. On her trip to Philadelphia, Emily met Wadsworth, a clergyman, who was to become her "dearest earthly friend". A romantic figure, Wadsworth was an outlet for Emily, because his orthodox Calvinism acted as a beneficial catalyst to her theoretical inferences. Wadsworth, like Dickinson, was a solitary, romantic person that Emily could confide in when writing her poetry. He had the same poise in the pulpit that Emily had in her poetry. Wadsworth窶冱 religious beliefs and presumptions also gave Emily a sharp, and often welcome, contrast to the transcendentalist writings and easy assumptions of Emerson. Most importantly, it is widely believed that Emily had a great love for this Reverend from Philadelphia even though he was married. Many of Dickinson窶冱 critics believe that Wadsworth was the focal point of Emily窶冱 love poems.

When Emily had a sizable backlog of poems, she sought out somebody for advice about anonymous publication, and on April 15, 1862 she found Thomas Wentworth Higginson, an eminent literary man. She wrote a letter to Higginson and enclosed four poems to inquire his appraisal and advice.

Although Higginson advised Dickinson against publishing her poetry, he did see the creative originality in her poetry, and he remained Emily窶冱 "preceptor" for the remainder of her life. It was after that correspondence in 1862 that Emily decided against publishing her poems, and, as a result, only seven of her poems were published in her lifetime - five of them in the Springfield Republican. The remainder of the works would wait until after Dickinson窶冱 death.

Emily continued to write poetry, but when the United States Civil War broke out a lot of emotional turmoil came through in Dickinson窶冱 work. Some changes in her poetry came directly as a result of the war, but there were other events that distracted Emily and these things came through in the most productive period of her lifetime - about 800 poems.

Even though she looked inward and not to the war for the substance of her poetry, the tense atmosphere of the war years may have contributed to the urgency of her writing. The year of greatest stress was 1862, when distance and danger threatened Emily's friends - Samuel Bowles, in Europe for his health; Charles Wadsworth, who had moved to a new pastorate at the Calvary Church in San Francisco; and T.W. Higginson, serving as an officer in the Union Army. Emily also had persistent eye trouble, which led her, in 1864 and 1865, to spend several months in Cambridge, Mass. for treatment. Once back in Amherst she never traveled again and after the late 1860s never left the boundaries of the family's property.

The later years of Dickinson窶冱 life were primarily spent in mourning because of several deaths within the time frame of a few years. Emily窶冱 father died in 1874, Samuel Bowles died in 1878, J.G. Holland died in 1881, her nephew Gilbert died in 1883, and both Charles Wadsworth and Emily窶冱 mother died in 1882. Over those few years, many of the most influential and precious friendships of Emily窶冱 passed away, and that gave way to the more concentrated obsession with death in her poetry. On June 14, 1884 Emily窶冱 obsessions and poetic speculations started to come to a stop when she suffered the first attack of her terminal illness. Throughout the year of 1885, Emily was confined to bed in her family窶冱 house where she had lived her entire life, and on May 15, 1886 Emily took her last breath at the age of 56. At that moment the world lost one of its most talented and insightful poets. Emily left behind nearly 2,000 poems.

As a result of Emily Dickinson窶冱 life of solitude, she was able to focus on her world more sharply than other authors of her time - contemporary authors who had no effect on her writing. Emily was original and innovative in her poetry, most often drawing on the Bible, classical mythology, and Shakespeare for allusions and references. Many of her poems were not completed and written on scraps of paper, such as old grocery lists. Eventually when her poetry was published, editors took it upon themselves to group them into classes - Friends, Nature, Love, and Death. These same editors arranged her works with titles, rearranged the syntax, and standardized Dickinson窶冱 grammar. Fortunately in 1955, Thomas Johnson published Dickinson窶冱 poems in their original formats, thus displaying the creative genius and peculiarity of her poetry.


Emily Dickinson wrote a total of 1,775 poems. Since none but a handful of them were published during her own lifetime, there is no easy way to arrange them. With other poets you group their work by what publication they come from, or by what year they first saw print, or perhaps by ordering the titles of the poems alphabetically. None of this can be applied to Emily's poetry, not even alphabetically by title, since she didn't title her poems.

In 1955 a three-volume critical edition edited by Thomas H Johnson set a new standard for Emily Dickinson students and scholars the world over. The book compiled all the 1,775 poems in chronological order (as far as could be ascertained). Not only that, but the poems were finally published in their original form, uncorrupted by decades of intrusive editors.




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