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Emily Dickinson[Emily_Dickinson]

 
  Emily_Dickinson

City of Residence: Amherst, Massachusetts -SUA
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Biography Emily Dickinson

Personal Webpage Emily Dickinson


 
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These are the most recent texts:

Poetry (95)
All (96)

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Page: 2 : 1

Înainta călătoria noastră : Our journey had advanced
Poetry 2005-08-17 (8821 hits)

Îngeri, dimineața în zori : Angels in the early morning
Poetry 2005-07-22 (9150 hits)

Întâi râvnești plăceri : Traducere în limba română de Leon Levițchi și Tudor Dorin
Poetry 2009-06-27 (5806 hits)

Într-o inimă zdrobită : Unto a broken heart
Poetry 2005-07-29 (8599 hits)

Într-un ținut pe care nu-l cunosc :
Poetry 2005-07-20 (8099 hits)

I'm nobody :
Poetry 2004-01-29 (6372 hits)

I'm nobody! Who are you? :
Poetry 2005-01-17 (7375 hits)

Lăsatu-mi-ai tu, Doamne, două Moșteniri : You left me - Sire - two Legacies
Poetry 2005-08-17 (8001 hits)

LOVE is anterior to life : 37
Poetry 2002-09-18 (5828 hits)

LXXXIX : from "Life"
Poetry 2003-11-26 (5630 hits)

M-au cedat - nu mai sunt a lor :
Poetry 2009-08-13 (5437 hits)

Mă zăvorîseră în proză : They shut me up in Prose
Poetry 2005-07-28 (7751 hits)

Măsor cu Ochi pătrunzător : I measur every Grief I meet
Poetry 2005-07-30 (8202 hits)

Mi-e frică. De cine mi-e frică? :
Poetry 2006-03-11 (5716 hits)

Mi-e teamă de Cel ce vorbește puțin : I fear a Man of frugal Speech
Poetry 2005-08-17 (8505 hits)

Mi-ești drag atît de mult : So well that I can live without
Poetry 2005-08-11 (10891 hits)

N-am avut vreme pentru Ură : I have no time to Hate
Poetry 2005-08-11 (8357 hits)

Nicicînd nu aud cuvîntul "evadare" :
Poetry 2005-07-20 (7961 hits)

Nu știm ce-nalți suntem : Traducere în limba română de Leon Levițchi și Tudor Dorin
Poetry 2009-06-27 (5423 hits)

O Oră e o Mare : An Hour is a Sea
Poetry 2005-07-29 (7955 hits)

O sepală, o petală și un spin : A sepal, petal and a thorn
Poetry 2005-07-18 (8145 hits)

Păianjenul ține în Mîini nevăzute : The Spider hods a Silver Ball
Poetry 2005-08-12 (8086 hits)

Para siempre a su lado caminar... :
Poetry 2005-07-10 (4504 hits)

Pe cînd eu n-am să mai fiu : If I shouldn't be alive
Poetry 2005-07-25 (8444 hits)

Pe Mine din Mine - să mă alung : Me from Myself - to banish
Poetry 2005-08-21 (8358 hits)

Pentru frumos m-am stins : Traducere în limba română de Leon Levițchi și Tudor Dorin
Poetry 2009-06-27 (4925 hits)

Posibilul e Casa mea : I dwell in Possibility
Poetry 2005-08-03 (7878 hits)

Puține are Iarba de făcut : The Grass so little has to do
Poetry 2005-08-04 (8126 hits)

Să privești Cerul de Vară : To see the Summer Sky
Poetry 2005-08-11 (8468 hits)

Să-mi fie teamă! Dar de cine? : Afraid! Of whom am I afraid?
Poetry 2005-08-03 (8048 hits)

Sălbatice nopți - Sălbatice nopți! : Wild Nights - Wild Nights!
Poetry 2005-07-27 (8482 hits)

Simțit-am moartea în creier : Traducere în limba română de Leon Levițchi și Tudor Dorin
Poetry 2009-06-27 (5758 hits)

Sola non posso essere :
Poetry 2005-07-06 (5216 hits)

Sorb un rachiu nemaigustat : Traducere în limba română de Leon Levițchi și Tudor Dorin
Poetry 2009-06-27 (6571 hits)

The brain is wider than the sky :
Poetry 2005-01-31 (9869 hits)

The last night that she lived : 20
Poetry 2002-09-16 (5632 hits)

The Mystery of Pain :
Poetry 2005-01-17 (6299 hits)

There is a solitude of space :
Poetry 2005-01-31 (13775 hits)

There's a Certain Slant of Light :
Poetry 2004-12-25 (6794 hits)

This Is My Letter To The World :
Poetry 2005-01-17 (6988 hits)

This is my letter to the world :
Poetry 2005-07-03 (5124 hits)

To make a prairie :
Poetry 2006-05-18 (5194 hits)

Vîntul îmi bătu sfios la geam : The wind - tapped like a tired Man
Poetry 2005-08-10 (7911 hits)

Water is taught by thirst :
Poetry 2008-09-03 (5145 hits)

"Arcturus" is his other name : 70
Poetry 2004-09-21 (6495 hits)

"Heaven"—is what I cannot reach! : 239
Poetry 2004-09-21 (6523 hits)


Page: 2 : 1





Biography Emily Dickinson

Elizabeth Dickinson was born on December 10, 1830 in the quiet community of Amherst, Massachusetts, the second daughter of Edward and Emily Norcross Dickinson. Emily, Austin (her older brother) and her younger sister Lavinia were nurtured in a quiet, reserved family headed by their authoritative father Edward. Throughout Emily’s life, her mother was not "emotionally accessible," the absence of which might have caused some of Emily’s eccentricity. Being rooted in the puritanical Massachusetts of the 1800’s, the Dickinson children were raised in the Christian tradition, and they were expected to take up their father’s religious beliefs and values without argument. Later in life, Emily would come to challenge these conventional religious viewpoints of her father and the church, and the challenges she met with would later contribute to the strength of her poetry.

The Dickinson family was prominent in Amherst. In fact, Emily’s grandfather, Samuel Fowler Dickinson, was one of the founders of Amherst College, and her father served as lawyer and treasurer for the institution. Emily’s father also served in powerful positions on the General Court of Massachusetts, the Massachusetts State Senate, and the United States House of Representatives. Unlike her father, Emily did not enjoy the popularity and excitement of public life in Amherst, and she began to withdraw. Emily did not fit in with her father’s religion in Amherst, and her father began to censor the books she read because of their potential to draw her away from the faith.

Being the daughter of a prominent politician, Emily had the benefit of a good education and attended the Amherst Academy. After her time at the academy, Emily left for the South Hadley Female Seminary (currently Mount Holyoke College) where she started to blossom into a delicate young woman - "her eyes lovely auburn, soft and warm, her hair lay in rings of the same color all over her head with her delicate teeth and skin." She had a demure manner that was almost fun with her close friends, but Emily could be shy, silent, or even depreciating in the presence of strangers. Although she was successful at college, Emily returned after only one year at the seminary in 1848 to Amherst where she began her life of seclusion.

Although Emily never married, she had several significant relationships with a select few. It was during this period following her return from school that Emily began to dress all in white and choose those precious few that would be her own private society. Refusing to see almost everyone that came to visit, Emily seldom left her father’s house. In Emily’s entire life, she took one trip to Philadelphia (due to eye problems), one to Washington, and a few trips to Boston. Other than those occasional ventures, Emily had no extended exposure to the world outside her home town. During this time, her early twenties, Emily began to write poetry seriously. Fortunately, during those rare journeys Emily met two very influential men that would be sources of inspiration and guidance: Charles Wadsworth and Thomas Wentworth Higginson. There were other less influential individuals that affected Emily, such as Samuel Bowles and J.G. Holland, but the impact that Wadsworth and Higginson had on Dickinson were monumental.

The Reverend Charles Wadsworth, age 41, had a powerful effect on Emily’s life and her poetry. On her trip to Philadelphia, Emily met Wadsworth, a clergyman, who was to become her "dearest earthly friend". A romantic figure, Wadsworth was an outlet for Emily, because his orthodox Calvinism acted as a beneficial catalyst to her theoretical inferences. Wadsworth, like Dickinson, was a solitary, romantic person that Emily could confide in when writing her poetry. He had the same poise in the pulpit that Emily had in her poetry. Wadsworth’s religious beliefs and presumptions also gave Emily a sharp, and often welcome, contrast to the transcendentalist writings and easy assumptions of Emerson. Most importantly, it is widely believed that Emily had a great love for this Reverend from Philadelphia even though he was married. Many of Dickinson’s critics believe that Wadsworth was the focal point of Emily’s love poems.

When Emily had a sizable backlog of poems, she sought out somebody for advice about anonymous publication, and on April 15, 1862 she found Thomas Wentworth Higginson, an eminent literary man. She wrote a letter to Higginson and enclosed four poems to inquire his appraisal and advice.

Although Higginson advised Dickinson against publishing her poetry, he did see the creative originality in her poetry, and he remained Emily’s "preceptor" for the remainder of her life. It was after that correspondence in 1862 that Emily decided against publishing her poems, and, as a result, only seven of her poems were published in her lifetime - five of them in the Springfield Republican. The remainder of the works would wait until after Dickinson’s death.

Emily continued to write poetry, but when the United States Civil War broke out a lot of emotional turmoil came through in Dickinson’s work. Some changes in her poetry came directly as a result of the war, but there were other events that distracted Emily and these things came through in the most productive period of her lifetime - about 800 poems.

Even though she looked inward and not to the war for the substance of her poetry, the tense atmosphere of the war years may have contributed to the urgency of her writing. The year of greatest stress was 1862, when distance and danger threatened Emily's friends - Samuel Bowles, in Europe for his health; Charles Wadsworth, who had moved to a new pastorate at the Calvary Church in San Francisco; and T.W. Higginson, serving as an officer in the Union Army. Emily also had persistent eye trouble, which led her, in 1864 and 1865, to spend several months in Cambridge, Mass. for treatment. Once back in Amherst she never traveled again and after the late 1860s never left the boundaries of the family's property.

The later years of Dickinson’s life were primarily spent in mourning because of several deaths within the time frame of a few years. Emily’s father died in 1874, Samuel Bowles died in 1878, J.G. Holland died in 1881, her nephew Gilbert died in 1883, and both Charles Wadsworth and Emily’s mother died in 1882. Over those few years, many of the most influential and precious friendships of Emily’s passed away, and that gave way to the more concentrated obsession with death in her poetry. On June 14, 1884 Emily’s obsessions and poetic speculations started to come to a stop when she suffered the first attack of her terminal illness. Throughout the year of 1885, Emily was confined to bed in her family’s house where she had lived her entire life, and on May 15, 1886 Emily took her last breath at the age of 56. At that moment the world lost one of its most talented and insightful poets. Emily left behind nearly 2,000 poems.

As a result of Emily Dickinson’s life of solitude, she was able to focus on her world more sharply than other authors of her time - contemporary authors who had no effect on her writing. Emily was original and innovative in her poetry, most often drawing on the Bible, classical mythology, and Shakespeare for allusions and references. Many of her poems were not completed and written on scraps of paper, such as old grocery lists. Eventually when her poetry was published, editors took it upon themselves to group them into classes - Friends, Nature, Love, and Death. These same editors arranged her works with titles, rearranged the syntax, and standardized Dickinson’s grammar. Fortunately in 1955, Thomas Johnson published Dickinson’s poems in their original formats, thus displaying the creative genius and peculiarity of her poetry.


Emily Dickinson wrote a total of 1,775 poems. Since none but a handful of them were published during her own lifetime, there is no easy way to arrange them. With other poets you group their work by what publication they come from, or by what year they first saw print, or perhaps by ordering the titles of the poems alphabetically. None of this can be applied to Emily's poetry, not even alphabetically by title, since she didn't title her poems.

In 1955 a three-volume critical edition edited by Thomas H Johnson set a new standard for Emily Dickinson students and scholars the world over. The book compiled all the 1,775 poems in chronological order (as far as could be ascertained). Not only that, but the poems were finally published in their original form, uncorrupted by decades of intrusive editors.




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